Microcontroller and Microprocessor Systems
|Aim of Subject:
||To provide a practical introduction to microcontrollers
and microprocessors, assembly language programming techniques,
interface hardware design, and microcontroller and microprocessor
system design considerations.
|Learning Outcome of Subject:
At the completion of the subject, students should be
- Describe the fundamental features and operation of contemporary microcontroller and microprocessor (cognitive - knowledge, level 1)
- Explain the pin configuration and memory organisation of a typical 8051 microcontroller (cognitive - understanding, level 2)
- Illustrate the 8051 microcontroller memory expansion capability (cognitive - understanding, level 2)
- Analyse the MCS-51 Instruction Set (cognitive - analysing, level 4)
- Develop assembly language source code for applications that use I/O ports, timer and single/multiple interrupts (cognitive - creating, level6)
- Produce interfacing examples using 8051 microcontroller (cognitive - applying, level3)
- Ability to acquire and apply fundamental principles
of science and engineering. (22%)
- Capability to communicate effectively. (10%)
- Acquisition of technical competence in specialized
areas of engineering discipline. (25%)
- Ability to identify, formulate and model problems and
find engineering solutions based on a systematic approach. (12%)
- Ability to conduct investigation and research on
engineering problems in a chosen field of study. (11%)
- Understanding of the importance of sustainability and
cost-effectiveness in design and development of engineering solutions.
- Ability to work effectively as an individual and a
member/leader in a team. (10%)
- Lab Experiments - Work in groups of 2 or 3 based on
the class size. (10%)
- Tutorial / Assignment - Group mini-project, to
enhance understanding of basic concepts in lecture. (30%)
- Test Quiz - written exam. (10%)
- Final Exam - written exam. (50%)
|Teaching and Learning Activities:
||53 hours (lectures, tutorials and laboratory
||EEN1036: Digital Logic Design
- Koo Voon Chet et. al., “The 8051 Cookbook: A Complete
Guide to Architecture, Programming and Interfacing, 2nd Edition”,
Prentice Hall, Malaysia, 2006. (Textbook)
- I. Scott MacKenzie and Raphael Phan, "The 8051
Microcontroller, 4th Edition,” Prentice-Hall Inc., U.S.A., 2007.
- Richard H. Barnett, “The 8051 Family of
Microcontrollers”, Prentice-Hall Inc., U.S.A., 1995.
- Muhammad Ali Mazidi et al., “The 8051 Microcontroller
and Embedded Systems: Using Assembly and C, 2nd Edition” Prentice-Hall,
- John B. Peatman, "Design with Microcontollers",
McGraw-Hill, U.S.A., 1988.
- Walter A. Triebel and Avtar Singh, “The 8088 and 8086
Microprocessors: The Programming, Interfacing, Software, Hardware, and
Applications”, 4th Edition, Prentice Hall, US, 2003.
- A.K. Ray, K.M. Bhurchandi, “Intel Microprocessors
Architecture, Programming and Interfacing”, McGraw-Hill , 2001.
- Barry B. Brey, “INTEL Microprocessors 8086/8088,
80186/80188, 80286, 80386, 80486, Pentium, PentiumPro Processor,
Pentium II, III, 4”, 7th Edition, Prentice Hall, US, 2006.
- Intel’s hardware design resource center
Basics of Microcontroller and Microprocessor
A basic microprocessor system: the CPU, memory, I/O, and buses
subsystems, basic operation of a microprocessor system: fetch and
execute cycle, differences between microcontroller and microprocessor,
the architecture of some typical 8-bit micro-controllers, 16-bit
microprocessors and their features.
- The MCS-51 Microcontroller
Features of the 8051 – the core of MCS-51 family, block diagram and
definitions of the pins of the 8051, I/O port structure, memory
organisation: general purpose RAM, bit addressable RAM, register bank,
special function registers, external memory, memory space mapping and
decoding, bus control signals timing, a typical 8051 microcontroller
- MCS-51 Instruction Set and Assembly Language Programming
Addressing modes, the MCS-51 instruction set and typical examples,
assembly language format, assembler directives, operation of assemblers
and linkers, programming examples.
- On-chip Peripheral Devices and Interrupt System
I/O ports: operations and uses of port 0, port 1, port 2, port 3
Timers: their operations, programming, and applications, serial port:
operations and programming, typical applications.
Organisation of the interrupt system, interrupt vectors, interrupt
timings, serial port interrupts, and external interrupts,
implementation of single and multiple interrupts.
- Interfacing Examples
Keypad, seven-segment LED display, LCD display, ADC and DAC chips, and
input / output port expansion, description and uses of hardware
- Contemporary Microprocessors
Overview of different generations of microprocessor, highlights of
architectural and technological advancement of IA-32 processors (80386,
80486 and Pentium), 64-bit processors (e.g. Intel Itanium, AMD AMD64),
multi-core processors (e.g. Intel Core2Duo, AMD X2).
1. Familiarization with the trainer & programming fundamentals
2. Timer and dot matrix LED display programming